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48个英语音标读法

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48个英语音标读法



九岁小孩记忆力差该怎么办:三十六计之笑里藏刀《全新版大学英语综合教程》(第二版)第一册课文翻译及课后练习答案 2012-09-16 18:15:09| 分类: 全新版大学英语- |举报|字号 订阅Unit 1 Growing UpText A Writing for myself为自己而写——拉塞尔·贝克从孩提时代,我还住在贝尔维尔时,我的脑子里就断断续续地转着当作家的念头,但直等到我高中三年级,这一想法才有了实现的可能。在这之前,我对所有跟英文课沾边的事都感到腻味。我觉得英文语法枯燥难懂。我痛恨那些长而乏味的段落写作,老师读着受累,我写着痛苦。弗利格尔先生接我们的高三英文课时,我就准备着在这门最最单调乏味的课上再熬上沉闷的一年。弗利格尔先生在学生中以其说话干巴和激励学生无术而出名。据说他拘谨刻板,完全落后于时代。我看他有六七十岁了,古板之极。他戴着古板的毫无装饰的眼镜,微微卷曲的头发剪得笔齐,梳得纹丝不乱。他身穿古板的套装,领带端端正正地顶着白衬衣的领扣。他长着古板的尖下巴,古板的直鼻梁,说起话来一本正经,字斟句酌,彬彬有礼,活脱脱一个滑稽的老古董。我作好准备,打算在弗利格尔先生的班上一无所获地混上一年,不少日子过去了,还真不出所料。后半学期我们学写随笔小品文。弗利格尔先生发下一张家庭作业纸,出了不少题目供我们选择。像“暑假二三事“那样傻乎乎的题目倒是一个也没有,但绝大多数一样乏味。我把作文题带回家,一直没写,直到要交作业的前一天晚上。我躺在沙发上,最终不得不面对这一讨厌的功课,便从笔记本里抽出作文题目单粗粗一看。我的目光落在“吃意大利细面条的艺术“这个题目上。这个题目在我脑海里唤起了一连串不同寻常的图像。贝尔维尔之夜的清晰的回忆如潮水一般涌来,当时,我们大家一起围坐在晚餐桌旁——艾伦舅舅、我母亲、查理舅舅、多丽丝、哈尔舅舅——帕特舅妈晚饭做的是意大利细面条。那时意大利细面条还是很少听说的异国食品。多丽丝和我都还从来没吃过,在座的大人也是经验不足,没有一个吃起来得心应手的。艾伦舅舅家诙谐有趣的场景全都重现在我的脑海中,我回想起来,当晚我们笑作一团,争论着该如何地把面条从盘子上送到嘴里才算合乎礼仪。 突然我就想描述那一切,描述当时那种温馨美好的气氛,但我把它写下来仅仅是想自得其乐,而不是为弗利格尔先生而写。那是我想重新捕捉并珍藏在心中的一个时刻。我想重温那个夜晚的愉快。然而,照我希望的那样去写,就会违反我在学校里学的正式作文的种种法则,弗利格尔先生也肯定会打它一个不及格。没关系。等我为自己写好了之后,我可以再为弗利格尔先生写点什么别的东西。等我写完时已是半夜时分,再没时间为弗利格尔先生写一篇循规蹈矩、像模像样的文章了。第二天上午,我别无选择,只好把我为自己而写的贝尔维尔晚餐的故事交了上去。两天后弗利格尔先生发还批改过的作文,他把别人的都发了,就是没有我的。我正准备着遵命一放学就去弗利格尔先生那儿挨训,却看见他从桌上拿起我的作文,敲了敲桌子让大家注意听。“好了,孩子们,“ 他说。 “我要给你们念一篇小品文。文章的题目是:吃意大利细面条的艺术。“于是他开始念了。是我写的!他给全班大声念我写的文章。更不可思议的是,全班同学都在听着他念,而且听得很专心。有人笑出声来,接着全班都笑了,不是轻蔑嘲弄,而是乐乎乎地开怀大笑。就连弗利格尔先生也停顿了两三次,好抑制他那一丝拘谨的微笑。我尽力不流露出得意的心情,但是看到我写的文章竟然能使别人大笑,我真是心花怒放。就在十一年级,可谓是最后的时刻,我找到了一个今生想做的事。这是我整个求学生涯中最幸福的一刻。弗利格尔先生念完后说道:“瞧,孩子们,这就是小品文,懂了没有。这才是——知道吗——这才是小品文的精髓,知道了没有。祝贺你,贝克先生。“他这番话使我沉浸在十全十美的幸福之中。Language FocusVocabularyⅠ. 1.respectable 2.Agony 3.put…down 4.sequence5.Hold back6.Distribute 7.Off and on 8.vivid9.associate10.Finally 11.turn in 12.tackle2).1. has been assigned to the newspaper’s Paris office.2. was so extraordinary that I didn’t know whether to believe him or not.3. a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’ time.4. gave the command the soldiers opened fire.5. buying bikes we’ll keep turning them out.3).1. reputation, rigid, to inspire2. and tedious, What’s more, out of date ideas3. compose, career, avoid showing, hardly hold backⅡ.1.composed 2.Severe 3.Agony 4.Extraordinary5.Recall 6.Command 7.was violating8.anticipateⅢ.1.at 2.For 3.Of 4.With 5.as6.about 7.To 8.in,in 9.From 10.on/uponComprehensive ExercisesⅠ. Cloze1.1.Hold back2.tedious 3.scanned 4.recall5.vivid 6.Off and on 7.Turn out/in 8.career1. last2. surprise3. pulled4. blowing5. dressed6. scene7. extraordinary8. image9. turn10.excitementⅡ. Translation1.1. As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.2. His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold.3. Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.4. It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. /Bill is said to have been fired for co



高考英语单词记忆有什么好的方法吗?或者说如何才能更快的牢牢记住呢?就像你去一个陌生的班级里面,给你十分钟,你能记住多少个人呢,靠什么,位置,面庞,性别,衣服这些特征去记忆吗?那比较好的方法就是拆分和联想;一个连着一个;比如在什么位置,胖瘦,脸上有什么特点。记忆单词呢,就靠从头到尾的去背词典吗;相信很多学生的字典都是前面几页,几十页都比较破旧,越往后面越新,为什么呢,虎头蛇尾吗?这个不能怪学生的努力不够,愚公移山的精神不是所有人都具有的,也不是把所有的词典都背了都能完全记住的,词典的目的是为了便于我们查询的,没有人说是为了背的,记忆词汇的目的也不是这样的;学习核心的重点词汇,如果记忆3000-4000个常用的词比较省时间,继续再去啃1000-2000词的话就比较费劲,那为什么把有效的时间放在更重要的复习上呢;啃词典效果弱,更浪费时间,成绩可能就是这样被拖坏了。 一象天开英语 是钱一教授带领团队历经二十几年的努力,以中国传统文化思想结合西方英语的语言形成与发展规律,及西方祖人在400年前英语单词造词的智慧和奥秘,形成了一套完整的理论体系,探索出了一条简单、有趣、有效的英语学习方法。3)仿母语教学的真实语言环境;



如我们在训练时课件所选用的教材及训练素材与实际运用中阅读文章往往有差异,这方面的差异就会导致训练的成绩与实际阅读运用中感受差异不同。作为速读训练的课件选材,jint速读老师们一般会选用比较适合于快速阅读的文体或词组、成语、俗语等素材来进行训练,经过这样一段时间的训练后,学员们对这样一种形式和选材有了一个从不适应到逐步适应的转变过程,即形成定势后,学员们的速读能力当然就会有很大的提高;而当学员又回到平常的实际阅读中去的时候,面对的往往是各种各样的文章文体,它们中既有自己比较熟悉的也有不熟悉甚至从未接触过的文体时,阅读这些特点大不相同的书籍或文章时,其感觉是完全可能大不一样的。有的学员会问:像你这样解释,是不是就没有解决的办法呢?我的回答是:肯定有。解决的办法实就是你在快速阅读的训练中加强对各种文体的阅读训练,并逐步地熟悉它和掌握它,到那时你对各种各样的文章体裁和相应文体就会了然于心,熟能生巧,当然这是一种高标准的要求,实际上当今具备这种能力的人也是十分少见的,我认为也是不必要的,因为学之无涯而生之有涯,你的时间和经历也是十分宝贵的。对绝大多数人来说,没有必要去穷尽一生去掌握世界上所有写作方法和写作文体,你只需把自己学习和工作经常碰到、用到的那几种文体熟悉和掌握就足够了,这样你经过训练后再来面对这些固定文体时,你的训练成绩与实际运用能力就会基本相同,甚至同步了。圣空甘露官网(skamrta.com)为弘扬楞严咒、楞严经的学习平台,提供楞严咒全文,楞严咒读诵 ,楞严咒修持方法,楞严咒作用。楞严经全文,楞严经读诵,楞严经讲解,圣空法师开示,圣空甘露直播,佛教视频等内容。其宗旨为弘扬禅宗文化,推广普及楞严,启迪人类智慧,觉醒人生,感恩一切,回报社会,共创和谐未来,圆中国梦。



学生英语单词记忆的培养:音标是学习英语的基础,那么,英语音标怎么快速记忆呢?下面小编整理了一些相关信息,供大家参考!“参加本次“汇新杯”新兴科技+互联网创新主要目的是融资,除此之外,我们也希望能够找到战略合作者。同时,对于选手的宣传推广也十分吸引我。”叶教授最后总结道:“我相信中国学习英语的庞大市场将会是我们的机会!”



ListeningandspeakingReadingGrammarWritingCultureexpressContentPronunciationandlisteningskillsConversationsPassageListeningandspeakingPronouncingfricativesproperlyThepronunciationsofthefricatives(摩擦音)ineachgrouparedifficulttodistinguishListencarefullyandcheck(?)thewordsyouhearThenreadthesewordsandtrytomakecleartheirdifferencesfewviewfinevinericerisesickthickmousemouthsafesavebathbathebusbuzzsingthingbreezebreatheTips发f和v这两个摩擦音时上齿应接触下唇。发θ和e这两个摩擦音时舌尖应置于上下齿之间。发s和z这两个摩擦音时舌尖应抵齿龈。另外因为v、e和z这三个音是浊辅音读时声带应振动。点击左上角的“Unit”的左半部和右半部可以前后翻页。点击“?”按钮可以打开更多的“tips”。展示答案请点击右下角的“钥匙”按钮点击“扫把”按钮可以清空答案。*Tipsf和vf和v是唇齿音。发f时上齿轻轻咬住下唇内侧将气流从唇齿的缝隙间轻轻吹出来v的发音和f大致相同发此音时上齿轻轻咬住下唇内侧再用力将气从唇齿的缝隙中吹出来但需要振动声带。θ和eθ和e是齿间音。发θ时双唇微开舌头伸出来上下齿轻咬住舌尖将气流从牙齿的缝隙中吹出来。发e时双唇微开上下齿轻咬住舌尖让气流尽量被上下齿堵住只允许少量气体从牙齿缝隙中吹出来同时振动声带发出声音。PronouncingfricativesproperlyTipss和z是齿龈音。发s时舌尖及舌中靠近上齿龈其间形成窄缝气流从窄缝中流出摩擦成音但只送气不振动声带发z和发s时的舌形和口形相同不同的是发此音时声带需要振动但不送气。PronouncingfricativesproperlyConversationsConversationConversationFunctionallanguageExercisesExercisesFnanswerthatislikelytocometrue我画的是一个留着棕色头发的人物线条她站在柜台后手里拿着一瓶橙汁。然而没人期待我们能给出一个可能实现的答案。*他实现了自己成为一名歌手的愿望。(cometrue)Hiswishto这趟火车可能要晚点了。(likely)Thistrain我的建议是演讲的时候要充满信心。(confidence)MyadviceisTranslatethefollowingChinesesentencesintoEnglishwiththehelpofthewordsorphrasesgiveninbracketsbecomeasingerhascometrueislikelytobelatetomakeaspeechwithconfidencePassageA–Translation*Football–thegameoflifeLeadinTextstudyExercisesPassageB*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeLeadinVideoappreciationPrereadingquestions*DoyoulikefootballWhyorwhynotDoyouthinkthereareanysimilaritiesbetweenlivingalifeandplayingfootballIfyes,whataretheyPrereadingPassageB–Football–thegameoflifeWorkingroupstodiscussthefollowingquestionsPassageB–Football–thegameoflifeLeadinVideoappreciationBeckhamandhisfootballlife*TextstudyPassageB–Football–thegameoflifeLanguagepointsTextreadingPassageBFootball–thegameoflifeSinceIwasfiveyearsold,IhavebeenplayingthegameoffootballIbelievethatfootballisnotjustaballgame,butalsoagameaboutlifeWhenIamnotonthefield,IenjoywatchingotherkidsplaythegameTheyplaywithoutfear,reasonandwithahugegrinontheirfacesAsI’vegrownintotherealworld,Ihavebeguntoseethetiesbetweenlifeandfootball*PassageBFootball–thegameoflifeAsIlookdowntheline,IseeeveryonedrippingsweatIseethepainoneachplayer’sfaceThecoachblowsthewhistleandeveryonestartsrushingtotheotherendofthefieldWhenthingsgethard,likewhatweexperienceinourworkouts,thereisnogivingupIfwegiveupandquit,wemayloseandbedefeatedThisappliestotherealworldaswellIfyouloseyourjob,youhavetogooutandfindanewonebecauseyouhavetopaythebillsYoucan’tquitbecauseyouwillendupwithnothingLifeisn’talwaysfunanditcanbeextremelyhardWhetheritisholdingthestatechampionshiporgettingapromotion,hardworkalwaysreapsrewards*PassageBFootball–thegameoflifeTobesuccessfulinfootball,youneedtocometogetherandbeateamYoucan’trunforwardifsomeonedoesn’trunbackyoucan’tpassifthereisnobodytopasstoyoucan’twinifthereisnoteamYouallhavetoworktogethernomatterwhatyourdifferencesmaybeThisteamworkcanbeappliedintheexactsamewaytoyourcareerYouwillneedtorelyoncoworkerstodotheirpartwhileyoudoyours,comingtogethertogetthejobdoneNow,youandyourpartnershavefaithineachother,andthisfaithwilldogreatthings*PassageBFootball–thegameoflifeFootballisallaboutbuildingandrelyingonrelationshipswithothersThroughalltheblood,sweat,andtearsyouandyourteammateshavegonethrough,younowhaveastrongfriendshipthatcouldlastalifetimeYouhavelearnedtotrusteachotherYouknowtheywilldoanythingforyou,andyouwoulddothesameforthemFootballgetsalotofattentionforthestarsandtheteams,butinmyeyesitismorethanthatIseelifelessonsthatarethereforustolearnandprepareusfortherealworldForme,footballhasbeenandcontinuestobeaninspirationinthegameoflife*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeSinceIwasfiveyearsold,Ihavebeenplayingthegameoffootball从五岁起我就一直在踢足球。havebeendoing是现在完成进行时的谓语构成形式表示动作从过去开始一直延续到现在常和since或for引导的时间状语一起使用其中since后加时间点for后加时间段。他们俩从结婚起就一直在争吵。Theyhavebeenquarrellingsincetheygotmarried(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeAsI’vegrownintotherealworld,Ihavebeguntoseethetiesbetweenlifeandfootball随着我渐渐适应现实世界我开始意识到了生活和足球之间的联系。as:whileorwhensthishappening“当······的时候随着”as在这里引导时间状语从句随着时间的推移事情似乎越来越糟。Astimepassed,thingsseemedtogetworse(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeWhenthingsgethard,likewhatweexperienceinourworkouts,thereisnogivingup遇到困难时就像训练中遇到困难一样我们不会放弃。whenthingsgethard中的gethard是系表结构相当于becomedifficultlike在这里是介词意为“像······”后面接了一个what引导的宾语从句。(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeWhetheritisholdingthestatechampionshiporgettingapromotion,hardworkalwaysreapsrewards无论是卫冕州冠军还是想要晋升努力工作都能使人受益。whether在这里引导了让步状语从句无论你喜欢还是不喜欢我都要出国。Whetheryoulikeitornot,I’llgoabroad(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeYouwillneedtorelyoncoworkerstodotheirpartwhileyoudoyours,comingtogethertogetthejobdone你需要依靠同事做他们份内之事同时你做你自己的以此来共同完成任务。comingtogethertogetthejobdone(Line,Para)现在分词短语在这里做目的状语*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeThroughalltheblood,sweat,andtearsyouandyourteammateshavegonethrough,younowhaveastrongfriendshipthatcouldlastalifetime当你和队友共同经历流血、流汗和流泪后你就会拥有伴随一生的深厚友谊。youandyourteammateshavegonethrough在这里做定语修饰前面的alltheblood,sweat,andtears中间省略了关系代词that。(Line,Para)that在这里同样引导了定语从句修饰前面的friendship*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeIseelifelessonsthatarethereforustolearnandprepareusfortherealworld我们可以从中得到生活的经验让我们对现实世界有所准备。that引导定语从句并在定语从句中作主语定语从句的先行词为lifelessons。(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifenabigsmilethatshowsyourteeth咧嘴笑露齿笑她笑容满面地出来招呼客人。Shesteppedoutwithabiggrinonherfacetowelcometheguestsgrin(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifegrin(Line,Para)vtodrawbackthelipsandrevealtheteeth,inasmile,grimace,orsnarl咧嘴笑露齿笑当小男孩的母亲给他苹果时他咧嘴大笑。Theboygrinnedfromeartoearwhenhismothergavehimtheapple*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife他意识到了稳固的家庭关系的重要性。Herealizedtheimportanceofstrongfamilytiestienconnectionorrelationship关系联系我们应该将重点放在改善两国之间的密切联系上。Weshouldfocusonimprovingclosetiesbetweenthetwocountries(Line,Para)tie此时通常用复数形式常和betweenwith搭配*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife这些规章对谁都适用没有例外。Theseregulationsapplytoeveryone,withoutexceptionapplyto适用于她强调说研究结果并不是对所有的瑜伽都适用。Shestressedthattheresultsoftheresearchmaynotapplytoallformsofyoga(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeapplyto(Line,Para)cfapply…to…:运用应用他的项目是将这项技术应用于实际的商务问题。Hisprojectisconcernedwithapplyingthetechnologytopracticalbusinessproblems*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeapplyto(Line,Para)cfapplyfor:运用应用我要怎样申请这个奖学金?HowdoIapplyforthisscholarshipapply的派生词:applicationn运用应用申请applicantn申请人申请者*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeendup后面可接名词、介词短语或动名词短语endupIfyouendupdoingsomethingorendupinaparticularstate,youdothatthingorgetintothatstateeventhoughyoudidnotoriginallyintendto最终结果到头来(Line,Para)如果你不知道自己想要什么到头来你可能得非所愿。Ifyoudon'tknowwhatyouwant,youmightendupgettingsomethingyoudon'twant每次他们去跳舞都会不欢而散。Everytimetheywentdancingtheyendedupinabadmood*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife他们正在收割一片麦田。Theyarereapingafieldofwheatreapvtogetsthgoodbecauseofthehardworkthatyouhavedone收获获得努力学习你就会有相应的回报。Workhardandyouwillreaptherewardsaccordingly短语:reapthebenefitsof获得益处(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameofliferelyonupontotrustordependonsborsth指望信赖(Line,Para)学会首先依靠自己然后才是他人。Learntorelyonyourselffirst,thenothers我们不得不仰仗着他来进行这项设计。Wehavetorelyonhimtomakethedesign同义短语:dependonleanon*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife人民对政府充满信心。Thepeoplehavefaithintheirgovernmentfaithnastrongfeelingoftrustorconfidenceinsb信心信任短语:havefaithinsbsth对某人某事物有信心losefaithinsbsth对某人某事物失去信心(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifegothroughtohaveaveryupsettingordifficultexperience遭受经历(Line,Para)我们都会经历困难的时刻。Weallgothroughdifficulttimes和你爱的人在一起就可以和他一起渡过生活中的一切难关。Withsomeoneyouloveyoucangothroughallthehardshipsoflifetogether*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife在我看来inmyeyes(Line,Para)一直以来在我看来他绝对是最好的球员。He’sdefinitelythebestplayerthere’severbeeninmyeyes*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife他必须为毕业准备一个演讲。Hehadtoprepareaspeechforgraduationpreparesbsthfor…togetormakesbsthreadyfor使某人某事为······作好准备学校应该为他们将来的就业多做一些准备。Schoolsshoulddomoretopreparefortheirfuturejob(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife许多诗人和艺术家从大自然中获得灵感。Manypoetsandartistshavedrawntheirinspirationfromnatureinspirationnsthorsbthatencouragesyoutodoorproducesthgood启发灵感的人(或物)灵感天才就是百分之一的灵感加上百分之九十九的汗水。Geniusisonepercentinspirationandninetyninepercentperspiration(Line,Para)*PassageB–ExercisesVocabularystructureTranslationComprehensionOralwork*PassageB–ComprehensionDecidewhetherthefollowingstatementsaretrue(T)orfalse(F)TSincethewriterwasfiveyearsold,hehasbeenplayingthegameoffootballTobesuccessfulinfootball,allteammatesmustworktogetherdespitetheirdifferencesInourcareer,weneedtorelyoncoworkerstodotheirpartwhilewedoours,whichisdifferentfromthegameoffootballFootballisallaboutbuildingandrelyingonrelationshipswithothersThewriterregardsfootballasaninspirationinhislifeTFTT*WorkingroupstodiscussthefollowingquestionsPassageB–ComprehensionWhatcanfootballplayersgetthroughalltheblood,sweat,andtearstheyandtheirteammateshaveexperiencedTheycangetastrongfriendshipthatcouldlastalifetimeTheteammatescantrusteachotherandhelpeachotherWhatcanfootballplayersgetthroughalltheblood,sweat,andtearstheyandtheirteammateshaveexperienced)Whenthingsgethard,thereisnogivingupIfwegiveupandquit,wemayloseandbedefeated)Teamworkisveryimportant)Friendshipcanbereapedwhichisimportanttoplayingfootballaswellastolivingalife*PassageB–VocabularyandstructureMatchthewordsinColumnAwiththeirdefinitionsinColumnBdripextremelyworkoutreapteammateexactinspirationColumnAColumnBsbwhoplaysorworksonthesameteamwithyoutoletliquidfallintheshapeofsmalldropssborsththatgivesyounewideasandtheenthusiasmtocreatesthwiththemaseriesofphysicalexercisesthatyoudotokeepyourbodystrongandhealthycorrectandincludingallthenecessarydetailsverymuchtogetsthasaresultofwhatyouhavedone*CompletethefollowingsentenceswiththewordsgivenbelowPassageB–VocabularyandstructuregrinwhistleextremelychampionshippromotionrewardteamworklifetimeIknowsheisjokingbecauseshehasabigonherfaceThey’veheldtheforthepasttwoyearsThejudgeblewhisforapenalty(处罚)Onlywillenableustogetthejobdoneontimegrinchampionshipwhistleteamwork*CompletethefollowingsentenceswiththewordsgivenbelowPassageB–VocabularyandstructuregrinwhistleextremelychampionshippromotionrewardteamworklifetimeTheclerkwasgivena(n)andanincreaseinsalaryThisisa(n)difficultjobandweneedtimetogetitdoneDuringher,shehadgonethroughtwoworldwarsThepoliceareofferingabigfortheinformationabouttherobberypromotionextremelylifetimereward*PassageB–VocabularyandstructureCompletethefollowingsentenceswithproperprepositionsoradverbsSheneedstimetogrowthenewworkingenvironmentEvenwhenfacingdifficulties,shenevergaveVeryfewpeopledaregoonstormynightsHeisgoingaverydifficulttime,soweshouldhelphimhismother’seyes,theboycandonothingbadintoupoutthroughIn*CompletethefollowingsentencesbytranslatingtheChinesegiveninbracketsintoEnglishusingtheexpression“aswell”Sample:Ifwegiveupandquit,wemayloseandbedefeatedThisappliestotherealworldaswell(这也适用于现实世界)IamgoingtoLondonand(我妹妹也要去)mysisterisgoingaswellPassageB–VocabularyandstructureProfessorSmithcanspeakEnglish(他也能讲法语)hecanspeakFrenchaswell*CompletethefollowingsentencesbytranslatingtheChinesegiveninbracketsintoEnglishusingtheexpression“aswell”Sample:Ifwegiveupandquit,wemayloseandbedefeatedThisappliestotherealworldaswell(这也适用于现实世界)Aftercleaningthebathroom,(我们可以把厨房也打扫一下)wecancleanthekitchenPassageB–Vocabularyandstructure(你也去上海吗)WecangotogetherAreyougoingtoShanghaiaswellaswell*PassageB–TranslationTranslatethefollowingsentencesintoChineseWhetheritisholdingthestatechampionshiporgettingapromotion,hardworkalwaysreapsrewardsFootballgetsalotofattentionforthestarsandtheteams,butinmyeyesitismorethanthat足球为球星和球队带去了广泛的关注但在我看来它不仅仅只是如此。无论是卫冕州冠军还是想要晋升努力工作都能使人受益。*我们都将从这项重要研究中受益。(reap)Wewillall他说他奶奶正遭受着一场疾病。(gothrough)Hesaid我们可以指望他来支持我们吗?(relyon)CanweTranslatethefollowingChinesesentencesintoEnglishwiththehelpofthewordsorphrasesgiveninbracketsreapfromtheimportantresearchhisgrandmotherwasgoingthroughanillnessrelyonhimforsupportPassageB–Translation*Interviewseveralclassmatesaboutwhatsportstheylikeandhowwelltheycandothem(Reference)PassageB–OralworkWorkingroupstodothefollowingactivitiesIcan…verywellquitewellbadlynotatallpracticeyogaplaybasketballrideabikeplayvolleyballskiswimplaytennisplaytabletennisplayfootball*PassageB–OralworkReferencefororalworkWhatsportsdoyouliketoplayCanyouplay…Howoftendoyouplay…Areyougoodatplaying…*PassageB–OralworkDiscusstheresultofyourinterviewandfindoutwhatsportisplayedverywellbymostofyourclassmatesAllmyclassmatescanrideabicycleverywellMostofthemcanplaytabletennisverywellMostboysaregoodatplayingbasketballandfootball(Reference)*Thepresentsimpletensethepastsimpletense(一般现在时和一般过去时)ExercisesGrammar*Grammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense类别*一、一般现在时一般现在时表示经常发生的动作或现在存在的状态。一般现在时用动词的原形或第三人称单数来表示。主要有以下几种用法:表示现在的情况或状态。eg)Sheisatwork)JudylivesinBeijingnow表示经常性、习惯性、反复性的动作常与always,often,usually,sometimes,everyday等时间状语连用。eg)MysisterreadsEnglisheverymorning)SimonoftenplaysfootballafterschoolGrammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense*一、一般现在时表示永恒的真理不能和特定的时间连用。eg)Twoplusfourissix)ThemoongoesaroundtheEarth表示按计划、规定将要发生的动作但只限于少数动词即arrive,begin,close,come,end,go,leave,open,return,start,stop等。eg)Thetrainleavesat:amandarrivesat:pm)SchoolbeginsinSeptemberGrammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense*二、一般过去时一般过去时主要表示过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态。一般过去时用动词的过去式表示。主要有以下几种用法:Grammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense表示在过去的某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态常与表示过去时间的词语连用:yesterday,thismorning,justnow,amomentago,inMay,lastnightweekyear,onceuponatime,theotherday,before等。eg)HeleftforLondonyesterday)WevisitedtheiruniversitylastFriday)Shesufferedalotinherchildhood*二、一般过去时Grammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense表示过去习惯性的动作。eg)Weoftenplayedtennistogetherlastyear)Sometimeswewenttothecountrysidetovisitourunclewhenwewereyoung表示客气的询问常用于口语中代替一般现在时使口气显得委婉。eg)Iwonderedifyoucouldgivemealift)IwantedtoaskifIcouldborrowyourcar*ChoosethecorrecttenseoftheverbsinbracketstocompletethefollowingsentencesGrammarExercisesPaulateacher,butheadoctoryearsago(iswas)Susanusuallyupatsixo’clockinthemorning,butsheuponehourlatethismorning(getsgot)SheinNingboyearsagoandnowsheinShanghai(liveslived)SheofteninthelibrarybeforegraduationNow,sheofteninthebookstore(readsread)isgetslivedreadwasgotlivesreads*CompletethefollowingsentenceswiththecorrecttenseoftheverbsinbracketsGrammarExercisesDannyusually(play)computergamesintheafternoon,buthe(watch)afootballmatchonTVyesterdayafternoonHe(major)inLawatcollegeandnow(be)alawyerHerteacher(tell)herthatlight(travel)fasterthansoundI(hope)youcouldgivemesomeadviceplaysmajoredtoldhopedwatchedistravelsTheshop(open)at:amopens*NotesExercisesWritingAdditionalexamples*NotesWritingTopicsentences主题句是某一段落主旨大意的概括它能引导读者的思路使段落的中心思想一目了然。大多数的主题句出现在段落的开头开宗明义有些主题句出现在段尾概括全段有时主题句也出现在段中。还有些段落没有明显的主题句需要读者自己来概括总结。*Sample此段的主题句位于段首开门见山地指出衣服的颜色和个人心情关系密切。接下来的几句话围绕该主题具体地说明了不同的颜色可能代表什么心情。WritingTopicsentencesColorsofclothingareoftencloselyrelatedtoyourmoodRedmakesyoufeelactiveandaliveBlue,ontheotherhand,canbecalmingoritcanbedepressingIfyouwearyellow,youwillprobablyfeelhappyBlackcanlookwonderfulandcool,oritcanlookplain,dependingonhowyouaccentit*WritingTopicsentencesSample此段的前两句指出加州人和新英格兰人的相似之处接下来的第三句是主题句同时也是过渡句说明他们在生活方式上有诸多不同。CaliforniansandNewEnglandersarebothAmericansTheyspeakthesamelanguageandobeythesamefederal(联邦的)lawsButtheyareverydifferentintheirwayoflifeMobility(流动性)hasmadeagreatimpressiononthecultureofCalifornianslackofmobilityisamarkofthecustomsandmoralityofNewEnglanders*WritingTopicsentencesSample此段的前三句先具体说明英语在航空、书信、广播等方面的广泛使用最后一句概括说明英语是一种最常用的国际化语言为结论性主题句。EnglishisspokenbypilotsandairportcontroloperatorsoftheworldOverpercentoftheworld’smailiswritteninEnglishMorethanpercentoftheworld’sradioprogramsareinEnglishClearlyEnglishisamostlyusedinternationallanguage*WritingExercisesChooseapropertopicsentenceforeachofthefollowingparagraphsIstartthedaybyenjoyingarefreshingswimThenIwalkalongthebeachandcollectshellsLateryou’llfindmerelaxinginthewarmsunshineandmakingsandcastlesThenIsleepforawhilebeforeIopenthebasketoffoodanddrinksthatIalwaystakewithmeAThisishowIspendadayonvacationBIwenttotheseasideeveryyearCIgetrelaxedonvacation?WritingExercisesJustasIsettledowntoreadorwatchTV,hedemandsthatIplaywithhimIfIgetatelephonecall,hescreamsinthebackgroundorknockssomethingoverIalwayshavetohanguptofindoutwhat’swrongwithhimHerefusestoletmeeatasnackinpeaceUsuallyhewantshalfofwhateverIeatThen,whenhefinallyfeelstired,ittakeshimaboutanhourtofallasleepABabysittingmylittlebrotherisnofunBIcouldnotfindanytimeandpeacetodowhatIlikeCIhatebabysittingandpromisemyselfnevertodoitagain?WritingExercisesHowmuchdoyourememberofwhatyouhavelearnedoverthepastacademicyearHowmanyofyourhighschoolclassmatescouldyoucallbynamerightnowHowmanytimesaweekdoyouforgetappointmentsandotherdetailsofeverydaylifeTakeiteasy,AyoushouldseekconsultationfromdoctorsByouneednotworryaboutthisallthetimeCweallforgetallkindsofthingsallthetime?WritingAdditionalexamples主题句置于段落开头:该段的主题句在开头就清楚表明海边晚会完全是场“灾难”。下文围绕这一主题展开了具体介绍:冰箱坏了冰块融化了他们不能喝冰冻可乐土豆沙拉大部分坏掉了一些孩子还把沙子踢到了炸鸡上Bob带了球拍却没带球。ThebeachpartywasatotaldisasterThecoolerleakedandalltheicemelted,sowedrankwarmCokeAlso,mostofthepotatosaladwasspoiledSomekidschargedacrosstheblanketandkickedsandontothefriedchickenBobboughttworacketsbutforgottheshuttleWritingAdditionalexamples主题句置于段落中间:该段开始介绍了什么是身体语言及理解身体语言的重要性后面用了一个手势语的例子阐释了不同国家文化背景下的人们对这同一个手势的不同理解。段落的主题句在中间提出。Bodylanguageiscommunicationbyfacialexpressions,headoreyemovements,handsignals,andbodyposturesMisunderstandingsoftenamusingbutsometimesseriouscanarisebetweenpeoplefromdifferentculturesiftheydon’tunderstandnonverbalsignalsTake,forexample,thedifferencesinmeaningofagestureverycommonintheUnitedStates:acirclemadewiththethumbandindexfingerToanAmerican,itmeansthateverythingisOKToaJapanese,itmeansthatyouaretalkingaboutmoneyInGreece,itisanobscenegestureTherefore,anAmericancouldunknowinglyoffendaGreekbyusingaparticularhandsignalWritingAdditionalexamples主题句置于段落结尾:该段列举了形形色色的话语形式最后加以总结概括:话语充斥着我们的生活。Wenowhave,asaresultofmodernmeansofcommunication,hundredsofthousandsofwordsflungatusdailyWeareconstantlybeingtalkedat,byteachers,preachers,andsalesmenThecriesofadvertiserspursueusintoourveryhomes,thankstotheradioandinsomehousestheradioisneverturnedofffrommorningtonightWegooutandgetmorewordsatbookstoresandlibrariesWordsfillourlivesWritingAdditionalexamples段落中没有主题句:这个段落没有明确的主题句但很容易看出整段是在描述一间屋子。TheroomislocatedonthefifthfloorofthehighbuildingOnethirdofitstotalfloorspaceistakenupbyadoublebedFacingit,inthecornerbehindthedoor,standsacupboardloadedwithpots,bowls,dishes,bottles,andbagsofriceandflourAdeskcompletelyfillsthegapbetweenthebedandthewallwiththewindowBehindthedeskisachair,theonlyoneintheroomanditalmosttouchestheboxesandtrunkspiledagainstthewallontheoppositesideAttitudestoworkQuestionsCultureexpress*Americanpeople:WorkiscentralformanyAmericansindefiningtheirsenseofidentityandselfworthEventhosewhocanaffordnottoworkchoosetoworkTomany,workisanendinitself:Thesenseofaccomplishmentisasmuchofarewardasthepaycheck(工资)orpension(退休金)planCultureexpressAttitudestowork*CultureexpressAttitudestoworkJapanesepeople:JapanesesocietyvalueshardworkItisbelievedinJapanthatnotimeshouldbewastedduringworkhoursMoreover,unpaidovertimeisverycommoninJapanItisthoughtthatthehighlevelofstressandsomuchovertimecauses“karoshi”aJapanesewordmeaning“deathbyoverwork”*CultureexpressAttitudestoworkFrenchpeople:Frenchsocietyrespectshardwork,butnotoverwork“Workhardbutenjoylife”istheruletofollowTheFrenchworkhoursaweekandenjoyasanofficialrightalongholidayoffiveweeksayearTheyalsohavemorenationalholidaysthanpeopleintheUnitedStatesortheUnitedKingdomdo*WhatdoyouthinkoftheattitudestoworkintheUSA,Japan,andFranceWorkingroupstodiscussthefollowingquestionsCultureexpressExercisesWhatkindofjobwouldyouliketohaveaftergraduation:astressful,highincomejob,oraneasier,modestincomeone,ajobthatyoudonotlikebutcomeswithahighincome,orajobthatyoulikebutisnotwellpaidWhy*点击左上角的“Unit”的左半部和右半部可以前后翻页。点击“?”按钮可以打开更多的“tips”。展示答案请点击右下角的“钥匙”按钮点击“扫把”按钮可以清空答案。**点击右下角的“ABC”按钮可以查看录音原文。******************************按图标S只显示需讲解的句子超链接按图标W只显示需讲解的词汇和短语超链接按扫帚图标清除所有超链接标记。按上箭头回到上一层。********************************************************************************************************************************英语单词是最基础的,也是大家最不愿意背的,背单词很枯燥无聊,而且背完就忘,那么怎么背单词效果最好?下面跟大家分享《背单词我有特别的技巧 我看过背单词最有效的方法》。



1.复习是巩固记忆的一个关键,那复习的次数与时机的安排是很重要的,懂得人跟不懂得人花的时间可以相差很多,效果也可以相差很多。这个你主要要遵循记忆曲线的规律。酒精剂量递增对大脑的作用分为三个阶段:



英语单词记忆多意:快速记忆英语单词的方法有哪些,据调查了解,每个人记单词的方法都不太一样,有的人是自己独创的记单词的方法,例如:卡片记忆,或者见物识词(日常见到的东西可以贴个英语词汇上去)。外教中国少儿英语培训学校认为,无论什么方法,都要再做到以下两点,才有可能更牢固的记住。生词双解



美、英、加等国最近研究指出,大脑功能、记忆力强弱除靠积极的锻炼和掌握记忆的规律外,与大脑中乙酰胆碱含量密切相关。在考试前约一个半小时进食富含卵磷脂的食物,可使人更添胜算。试验表明,卵磷脂可使人的智力提高25%。信+湿纸巾变→湿纸巾变心了



[?]――谐音为:哦(0);哦,这个音标就像个o。对于单词的强化,要及时复习,第二天的遗忘概率要达到75%,以后的遗忘速度开始下降,所以每隔一段时间要进行复习,可以让学生自制单词卡片,随身带着,有空就拿出来读一读,记一记单词。



八年级下册英语单词联想记忆:分类记忆:把单词进行分门类 如:动物,植物等,进行分类记忆。你可以找一本分类字典作为参考。一次 绝对值不等式的解集




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