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八年级英语单词如何快速记忆

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八年级英语单词如何快速记忆



英语单词记忆新东方:一些健脑食品,其实是常见的物美价廉之物。如蛋黄、大豆、瘦肉、牛奶、鱼、动物内脏(心、脑、肝、肾)及胡萝卜、谷类等。这些食物不仅含有丰富的卵磷脂,且容易消化,对儿童脑髓的发育也有积极的作用。最后一个,也是最重要的一项,就是将记忆的内容充满相象力地将其联想转换成一段做故事,这种记忆法叫做:联想转换记忆法。例如,有十个记忆内容1.钥匙 2鹦鹉 3揪耳 4锣鼓 5.珊瑚 6芭蕉 7汽球 8扇蛾 9妇女 10石榴。然后我们通过自已大脑的将这10个记忆内容将其联想转换成一段故事(可以为了方便记忆)。故事如下:一把银光闪闪的大钥匙(1)中飞出一只鹦鹉(2),鹦鹉用右手揪着自己的耳朵(3),左手拿着锣鼓(4),飞进了一丛红色的珊瑚(5)中.珊瑚里都是金黄色的芭蕉(6),芭蕉上系着很多的氢气球(7),气球上面有一把停着一只扇蛾(8)的大扇子,自动地向一个妇女(9)飞去,她的手上人拿着一个大石榴(10)正在吃着.所以这样就变得非常简单了,希望对你有帮助,望采纳!!



词汇解说:口语部开始了一段不一样的学习旅程



【感想】对基础知识分析太简略,真正方法介绍部分也是没有逻辑可言,这个系列丛书应该不会再看。【笔记】第一章:基础知识1、根据记忆持续时间不同,可将记忆分为感觉记忆、短期记忆、长期记忆。感觉记忆:对信息保留时间一般由数秒至3-5分钟,这些信息经过使用后,很快就会被忘记。2、记忆的关键是海马,它是人脑的一个器官,因形状和海马相似而得名。3、丘脑:是感觉信息的中转站,与记忆有很大关系; 杏仁核:它与记忆、情绪和攻击性行为都有很重要关系; 海马体:与学习、记忆和情绪有关; 小脑:控制着可调节的运动,与语言和思维有很大的关系。4、神经细胞记忆的信息是用”比特“来计量的。5、左脑是人脑左半球,主要负责人右边的一切活动,左脑擅长语言和逻辑分析,但比较刻板,缺乏幽默和丰富的情感,左脑发达的人处理事情比较有逻辑、有条理。 右脑是人脑右半球,主要负责人左边一切活动,如图画、音乐、韵律、情感等。第二章:酱油第三章:超实用记忆方法1、古书《学记》中有这样一句话:“学无当于五官,五官不得不治。”意思是说,学习和记忆如果不能动员五官参与,那就学不好,也记不住。这句话也告诉我们,我国古代人就已经认识到了读书做学问除了要用眼睛看以外,还要学会用耳朵听,用嘴来念,用手来写,之后还要用脑子想,这样才能使记忆的效果大大提高。2、每天做10分钟的左撇子。3、宫殿记忆法:源于希腊,也可以叫做地点法或定位法,是快速记忆的最基本方法之一,也是最有效的方法。4、定桩法:一种高级记忆法,由一个位置引申出来的,也是记忆法中比较实用的方法。原理是利用脑海中已经整理记住的信息,将其变为图像作为桩子使用,然后将想要记住的新信息也转化为图像,将新旧信息形成的图像运用夸张的想象进行联结。这样以后回想过程中,已经记住信息最先被回忆出来,然后经过联想,新的信息也会反馈出来。定桩法包括身体桩、人物桩、数字桩、字母桩、词语桩以及地点桩等。最常用地点桩,容量大,因为地点数量是无限的。5、变速暗示记忆法:人在舒适环境下通过改变语调、节奏等方式进行记忆的效果很好。通过调整呼吸节奏进行记忆的。一般情况两种节奏:一是吸气6秒、呼气3秒,还有一种是吸气8秒、呼气4秒。汉字de拆分原则



小学英语单词读音记忆法:小学生在学习英语的一开始就建立英语字母代表发音的观念,而且有适当的练习,使学生遇到生词的时候,就可以张口念、出声读,这对学生将来的学习是很有帮助的。因此,通过自然拼读法来培养学生的拼读、拼写以及阅读能力是可行而且必要的。参考文献:汪国萍. 2003. “小学英语起始阶段培养学生拼读能力的可行性和必要性”《中小学外语教学》,2003年第11期.

何快速记忆文章的诀窍



这种方法最重要的是,不能重复使用同一件事,否则你的脑海中就无法做到关联,也就无法帮助记忆。要尽可能的不重复,当然,如果两件事彼此有关联就更好了。科学认为锻炼在解决任何问题上都很重要,记忆力也不例外。身体活动加强脑的活跃和供氧程度,甚至也许还可以促进大脑中负责记忆的细胞的成长。一项研究发现,女生们在轻度运动之后能更好地回忆起事情。一阵简短的快走就能达到这样的效果,但长期坚持更加有效:另一项研究发现女生在坚持锻炼6个月后语言和空间记忆力都会显著提高。



首先,本教材的编写突破了传统的高级的高级英语阅读教材的编写模式,充分体现了新的教学大纲对于高年级英语专业的学生所提出的要求。新的《高等学校英语专业英语教学大纲》要求高年级英语专业学生要具有相当程度的阅读监赏能力和较为广博的阅读量。按照这一要求,为了进一步扩大高年级学生的阅读量和提高阅读鉴赏能力,本教材在每个单元中采用两套阅读文章,并分别配有相应的详细的注释和形式多样的练习。教材的总体结构设计如下:全书由12个单元组成;每个单元包括两篇阅读文章。在每篇文章之后都配有注释和练习。ListeningandspeakingReadingGrammarWritingCultureexpressContentPronunciationandlisteningskillsConversationsPassageListeningandspeakingPronouncingfricativesproperlyThepronunciationsofthefricatives(摩擦音)ineachgrouparedifficulttodistinguishListencarefullyandcheck(?)thewordsyouhearThenreadthesewordsandtrytomakecleartheirdifferencesfewviewfinevinericerisesickthickmousemouthsafesavebathbathebusbuzzsingthingbreezebreatheTips发f和v这两个摩擦音时上齿应接触下唇。发θ和e这两个摩擦音时舌尖应置于上下齿之间。发s和z这两个摩擦音时舌尖应抵齿龈。另外因为v、e和z这三个音是浊辅音读时声带应振动。点击左上角的“Unit”的左半部和右半部可以前后翻页。点击“?”按钮可以打开更多的“tips”。展示答案请点击右下角的“钥匙”按钮点击“扫把”按钮可以清空答案。*Tipsf和vf和v是唇齿音。发f时上齿轻轻咬住下唇内侧将气流从唇齿的缝隙间轻轻吹出来v的发音和f大致相同发此音时上齿轻轻咬住下唇内侧再用力将气从唇齿的缝隙中吹出来但需要振动声带。θ和eθ和e是齿间音。发θ时双唇微开舌头伸出来上下齿轻咬住舌尖将气流从牙齿的缝隙中吹出来。发e时双唇微开上下齿轻咬住舌尖让气流尽量被上下齿堵住只允许少量气体从牙齿缝隙中吹出来同时振动声带发出声音。PronouncingfricativesproperlyTipss和z是齿龈音。发s时舌尖及舌中靠近上齿龈其间形成窄缝气流从窄缝中流出摩擦成音但只送气不振动声带发z和发s时的舌形和口形相同不同的是发此音时声带需要振动但不送气。PronouncingfricativesproperlyConversationsConversationConversationFunctionallanguageExercisesExercisesFnanswerthatislikelytocometrue我画的是一个留着棕色头发的人物线条她站在柜台后手里拿着一瓶橙汁。然而没人期待我们能给出一个可能实现的答案。*他实现了自己成为一名歌手的愿望。(cometrue)Hiswishto这趟火车可能要晚点了。(likely)Thistrain我的建议是演讲的时候要充满信心。(confidence)MyadviceisTranslatethefollowingChinesesentencesintoEnglishwiththehelpofthewordsorphrasesgiveninbracketsbecomeasingerhascometrueislikelytobelatetomakeaspeechwithconfidencePassageA–Translation*Football–thegameoflifeLeadinTextstudyExercisesPassageB*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeLeadinVideoappreciationPrereadingquestions*DoyoulikefootballWhyorwhynotDoyouthinkthereareanysimilaritiesbetweenlivingalifeandplayingfootballIfyes,whataretheyPrereadingPassageB–Football–thegameoflifeWorkingroupstodiscussthefollowingquestionsPassageB–Football–thegameoflifeLeadinVideoappreciationBeckhamandhisfootballlife*TextstudyPassageB–Football–thegameoflifeLanguagepointsTextreadingPassageBFootball–thegameoflifeSinceIwasfiveyearsold,IhavebeenplayingthegameoffootballIbelievethatfootballisnotjustaballgame,butalsoagameaboutlifeWhenIamnotonthefield,IenjoywatchingotherkidsplaythegameTheyplaywithoutfear,reasonandwithahugegrinontheirfacesAsI’vegrownintotherealworld,Ihavebeguntoseethetiesbetweenlifeandfootball*PassageBFootball–thegameoflifeAsIlookdowntheline,IseeeveryonedrippingsweatIseethepainoneachplayer’sfaceThecoachblowsthewhistleandeveryonestartsrushingtotheotherendofthefieldWhenthingsgethard,likewhatweexperienceinourworkouts,thereisnogivingupIfwegiveupandquit,wemayloseandbedefeatedThisappliestotherealworldaswellIfyouloseyourjob,youhavetogooutandfindanewonebecauseyouhavetopaythebillsYoucan’tquitbecauseyouwillendupwithnothingLifeisn’talwaysfunanditcanbeextremelyhardWhetheritisholdingthestatechampionshiporgettingapromotion,hardworkalwaysreapsrewards*PassageBFootball–thegameoflifeTobesuccessfulinfootball,youneedtocometogetherandbeateamYoucan’trunforwardifsomeonedoesn’trunbackyoucan’tpassifthereisnobodytopasstoyoucan’twinifthereisnoteamYouallhavetoworktogethernomatterwhatyourdifferencesmaybeThisteamworkcanbeappliedintheexactsamewaytoyourcareerYouwillneedtorelyoncoworkerstodotheirpartwhileyoudoyours,comingtogethertogetthejobdoneNow,youandyourpartnershavefaithineachother,andthisfaithwilldogreatthings*PassageBFootball–thegameoflifeFootballisallaboutbuildingandrelyingonrelationshipswithothersThroughalltheblood,sweat,andtearsyouandyourteammateshavegonethrough,younowhaveastrongfriendshipthatcouldlastalifetimeYouhavelearnedtotrusteachotherYouknowtheywilldoanythingforyou,andyouwoulddothesameforthemFootballgetsalotofattentionforthestarsandtheteams,butinmyeyesitismorethanthatIseelifelessonsthatarethereforustolearnandprepareusfortherealworldForme,footballhasbeenandcontinuestobeaninspirationinthegameoflife*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeSinceIwasfiveyearsold,Ihavebeenplayingthegameoffootball从五岁起我就一直在踢足球。havebeendoing是现在完成进行时的谓语构成形式表示动作从过去开始一直延续到现在常和since或for引导的时间状语一起使用其中since后加时间点for后加时间段。他们俩从结婚起就一直在争吵。Theyhavebeenquarrellingsincetheygotmarried(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeAsI’vegrownintotherealworld,Ihavebeguntoseethetiesbetweenlifeandfootball随着我渐渐适应现实世界我开始意识到了生活和足球之间的联系。as:whileorwhensthishappening“当······的时候随着”as在这里引导时间状语从句随着时间的推移事情似乎越来越糟。Astimepassed,thingsseemedtogetworse(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeWhenthingsgethard,likewhatweexperienceinourworkouts,thereisnogivingup遇到困难时就像训练中遇到困难一样我们不会放弃。whenthingsgethard中的gethard是系表结构相当于becomedifficultlike在这里是介词意为“像······”后面接了一个what引导的宾语从句。(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeWhetheritisholdingthestatechampionshiporgettingapromotion,hardworkalwaysreapsrewards无论是卫冕州冠军还是想要晋升努力工作都能使人受益。whether在这里引导了让步状语从句无论你喜欢还是不喜欢我都要出国。Whetheryoulikeitornot,I’llgoabroad(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeYouwillneedtorelyoncoworkerstodotheirpartwhileyoudoyours,comingtogethertogetthejobdone你需要依靠同事做他们份内之事同时你做你自己的以此来共同完成任务。comingtogethertogetthejobdone(Line,Para)现在分词短语在这里做目的状语*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeThroughalltheblood,sweat,andtearsyouandyourteammateshavegonethrough,younowhaveastrongfriendshipthatcouldlastalifetime当你和队友共同经历流血、流汗和流泪后你就会拥有伴随一生的深厚友谊。youandyourteammateshavegonethrough在这里做定语修饰前面的alltheblood,sweat,andtears中间省略了关系代词that。(Line,Para)that在这里同样引导了定语从句修饰前面的friendship*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeIseelifelessonsthatarethereforustolearnandprepareusfortherealworld我们可以从中得到生活的经验让我们对现实世界有所准备。that引导定语从句并在定语从句中作主语定语从句的先行词为lifelessons。(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifenabigsmilethatshowsyourteeth咧嘴笑露齿笑她笑容满面地出来招呼客人。Shesteppedoutwithabiggrinonherfacetowelcometheguestsgrin(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifegrin(Line,Para)vtodrawbackthelipsandrevealtheteeth,inasmile,grimace,orsnarl咧嘴笑露齿笑当小男孩的母亲给他苹果时他咧嘴大笑。Theboygrinnedfromeartoearwhenhismothergavehimtheapple*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife他意识到了稳固的家庭关系的重要性。Herealizedtheimportanceofstrongfamilytiestienconnectionorrelationship关系联系我们应该将重点放在改善两国之间的密切联系上。Weshouldfocusonimprovingclosetiesbetweenthetwocountries(Line,Para)tie此时通常用复数形式常和betweenwith搭配*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife这些规章对谁都适用没有例外。Theseregulationsapplytoeveryone,withoutexceptionapplyto适用于她强调说研究结果并不是对所有的瑜伽都适用。Shestressedthattheresultsoftheresearchmaynotapplytoallformsofyoga(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeapplyto(Line,Para)cfapply…to…:运用应用他的项目是将这项技术应用于实际的商务问题。Hisprojectisconcernedwithapplyingthetechnologytopracticalbusinessproblems*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeapplyto(Line,Para)cfapplyfor:运用应用我要怎样申请这个奖学金?HowdoIapplyforthisscholarshipapply的派生词:applicationn运用应用申请applicantn申请人申请者*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifeendup后面可接名词、介词短语或动名词短语endupIfyouendupdoingsomethingorendupinaparticularstate,youdothatthingorgetintothatstateeventhoughyoudidnotoriginallyintendto最终结果到头来(Line,Para)如果你不知道自己想要什么到头来你可能得非所愿。Ifyoudon'tknowwhatyouwant,youmightendupgettingsomethingyoudon'twant每次他们去跳舞都会不欢而散。Everytimetheywentdancingtheyendedupinabadmood*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife他们正在收割一片麦田。Theyarereapingafieldofwheatreapvtogetsthgoodbecauseofthehardworkthatyouhavedone收获获得努力学习你就会有相应的回报。Workhardandyouwillreaptherewardsaccordingly短语:reapthebenefitsof获得益处(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameofliferelyonupontotrustordependonsborsth指望信赖(Line,Para)学会首先依靠自己然后才是他人。Learntorelyonyourselffirst,thenothers我们不得不仰仗着他来进行这项设计。Wehavetorelyonhimtomakethedesign同义短语:dependonleanon*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife人民对政府充满信心。Thepeoplehavefaithintheirgovernmentfaithnastrongfeelingoftrustorconfidenceinsb信心信任短语:havefaithinsbsth对某人某事物有信心losefaithinsbsth对某人某事物失去信心(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflifegothroughtohaveaveryupsettingordifficultexperience遭受经历(Line,Para)我们都会经历困难的时刻。Weallgothroughdifficulttimes和你爱的人在一起就可以和他一起渡过生活中的一切难关。Withsomeoneyouloveyoucangothroughallthehardshipsoflifetogether*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife在我看来inmyeyes(Line,Para)一直以来在我看来他绝对是最好的球员。He’sdefinitelythebestplayerthere’severbeeninmyeyes*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife他必须为毕业准备一个演讲。Hehadtoprepareaspeechforgraduationpreparesbsthfor…togetormakesbsthreadyfor使某人某事为······作好准备学校应该为他们将来的就业多做一些准备。Schoolsshoulddomoretopreparefortheirfuturejob(Line,Para)*PassageB–Football–thegameoflife许多诗人和艺术家从大自然中获得灵感。Manypoetsandartistshavedrawntheirinspirationfromnatureinspirationnsthorsbthatencouragesyoutodoorproducesthgood启发灵感的人(或物)灵感天才就是百分之一的灵感加上百分之九十九的汗水。Geniusisonepercentinspirationandninetyninepercentperspiration(Line,Para)*PassageB–ExercisesVocabularystructureTranslationComprehensionOralwork*PassageB–ComprehensionDecidewhetherthefollowingstatementsaretrue(T)orfalse(F)TSincethewriterwasfiveyearsold,hehasbeenplayingthegameoffootballTobesuccessfulinfootball,allteammatesmustworktogetherdespitetheirdifferencesInourcareer,weneedtorelyoncoworkerstodotheirpartwhilewedoours,whichisdifferentfromthegameoffootballFootballisallaboutbuildingandrelyingonrelationshipswithothersThewriterregardsfootballasaninspirationinhislifeTFTT*WorkingroupstodiscussthefollowingquestionsPassageB–ComprehensionWhatcanfootballplayersgetthroughalltheblood,sweat,andtearstheyandtheirteammateshaveexperiencedTheycangetastrongfriendshipthatcouldlastalifetimeTheteammatescantrusteachotherandhelpeachotherWhatcanfootballplayersgetthroughalltheblood,sweat,andtearstheyandtheirteammateshaveexperienced)Whenthingsgethard,thereisnogivingupIfwegiveupandquit,wemayloseandbedefeated)Teamworkisveryimportant)Friendshipcanbereapedwhichisimportanttoplayingfootballaswellastolivingalife*PassageB–VocabularyandstructureMatchthewordsinColumnAwiththeirdefinitionsinColumnBdripextremelyworkoutreapteammateexactinspirationColumnAColumnBsbwhoplaysorworksonthesameteamwithyoutoletliquidfallintheshapeofsmalldropssborsththatgivesyounewideasandtheenthusiasmtocreatesthwiththemaseriesofphysicalexercisesthatyoudotokeepyourbodystrongandhealthycorrectandincludingallthenecessarydetailsverymuchtogetsthasaresultofwhatyouhavedone*CompletethefollowingsentenceswiththewordsgivenbelowPassageB–VocabularyandstructuregrinwhistleextremelychampionshippromotionrewardteamworklifetimeIknowsheisjokingbecauseshehasabigonherfaceThey’veheldtheforthepasttwoyearsThejudgeblewhisforapenalty(处罚)Onlywillenableustogetthejobdoneontimegrinchampionshipwhistleteamwork*CompletethefollowingsentenceswiththewordsgivenbelowPassageB–VocabularyandstructuregrinwhistleextremelychampionshippromotionrewardteamworklifetimeTheclerkwasgivena(n)andanincreaseinsalaryThisisa(n)difficultjobandweneedtimetogetitdoneDuringher,shehadgonethroughtwoworldwarsThepoliceareofferingabigfortheinformationabouttherobberypromotionextremelylifetimereward*PassageB–VocabularyandstructureCompletethefollowingsentenceswithproperprepositionsoradverbsSheneedstimetogrowthenewworkingenvironmentEvenwhenfacingdifficulties,shenevergaveVeryfewpeopledaregoonstormynightsHeisgoingaverydifficulttime,soweshouldhelphimhismother’seyes,theboycandonothingbadintoupoutthroughIn*CompletethefollowingsentencesbytranslatingtheChinesegiveninbracketsintoEnglishusingtheexpression“aswell”Sample:Ifwegiveupandquit,wemayloseandbedefeatedThisappliestotherealworldaswell(这也适用于现实世界)IamgoingtoLondonand(我妹妹也要去)mysisterisgoingaswellPassageB–VocabularyandstructureProfessorSmithcanspeakEnglish(他也能讲法语)hecanspeakFrenchaswell*CompletethefollowingsentencesbytranslatingtheChinesegiveninbracketsintoEnglishusingtheexpression“aswell”Sample:Ifwegiveupandquit,wemayloseandbedefeatedThisappliestotherealworldaswell(这也适用于现实世界)Aftercleaningthebathroom,(我们可以把厨房也打扫一下)wecancleanthekitchenPassageB–Vocabularyandstructure(你也去上海吗)WecangotogetherAreyougoingtoShanghaiaswellaswell*PassageB–TranslationTranslatethefollowingsentencesintoChineseWhetheritisholdingthestatechampionshiporgettingapromotion,hardworkalwaysreapsrewardsFootballgetsalotofattentionforthestarsandtheteams,butinmyeyesitismorethanthat足球为球星和球队带去了广泛的关注但在我看来它不仅仅只是如此。无论是卫冕州冠军还是想要晋升努力工作都能使人受益。*我们都将从这项重要研究中受益。(reap)Wewillall他说他奶奶正遭受着一场疾病。(gothrough)Hesaid我们可以指望他来支持我们吗?(relyon)CanweTranslatethefollowingChinesesentencesintoEnglishwiththehelpofthewordsorphrasesgiveninbracketsreapfromtheimportantresearchhisgrandmotherwasgoingthroughanillnessrelyonhimforsupportPassageB–Translation*Interviewseveralclassmatesaboutwhatsportstheylikeandhowwelltheycandothem(Reference)PassageB–OralworkWorkingroupstodothefollowingactivitiesIcan…verywellquitewellbadlynotatallpracticeyogaplaybasketballrideabikeplayvolleyballskiswimplaytennisplaytabletennisplayfootball*PassageB–OralworkReferencefororalworkWhatsportsdoyouliketoplayCanyouplay…Howoftendoyouplay…Areyougoodatplaying…*PassageB–OralworkDiscusstheresultofyourinterviewandfindoutwhatsportisplayedverywellbymostofyourclassmatesAllmyclassmatescanrideabicycleverywellMostofthemcanplaytabletennisverywellMostboysaregoodatplayingbasketballandfootball(Reference)*Thepresentsimpletensethepastsimpletense(一般现在时和一般过去时)ExercisesGrammar*Grammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense类别*一、一般现在时一般现在时表示经常发生的动作或现在存在的状态。一般现在时用动词的原形或第三人称单数来表示。主要有以下几种用法:表示现在的情况或状态。eg)Sheisatwork)JudylivesinBeijingnow表示经常性、习惯性、反复性的动作常与always,often,usually,sometimes,everyday等时间状语连用。eg)MysisterreadsEnglisheverymorning)SimonoftenplaysfootballafterschoolGrammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense*一、一般现在时表示永恒的真理不能和特定的时间连用。eg)Twoplusfourissix)ThemoongoesaroundtheEarth表示按计划、规定将要发生的动作但只限于少数动词即arrive,begin,close,come,end,go,leave,open,return,start,stop等。eg)Thetrainleavesat:amandarrivesat:pm)SchoolbeginsinSeptemberGrammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense*二、一般过去时一般过去时主要表示过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态。一般过去时用动词的过去式表示。主要有以下几种用法:Grammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense表示在过去的某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态常与表示过去时间的词语连用:yesterday,thismorning,justnow,amomentago,inMay,lastnightweekyear,onceuponatime,theotherday,before等。eg)HeleftforLondonyesterday)WevisitedtheiruniversitylastFriday)Shesufferedalotinherchildhood*二、一般过去时Grammarpresentsimpletensepastsimpletense表示过去习惯性的动作。eg)Weoftenplayedtennistogetherlastyear)Sometimeswewenttothecountrysidetovisitourunclewhenwewereyoung表示客气的询问常用于口语中代替一般现在时使口气显得委婉。eg)Iwonderedifyoucouldgivemealift)IwantedtoaskifIcouldborrowyourcar*ChoosethecorrecttenseoftheverbsinbracketstocompletethefollowingsentencesGrammarExercisesPaulateacher,butheadoctoryearsago(iswas)Susanusuallyupatsixo’clockinthemorning,butsheuponehourlatethismorning(getsgot)SheinNingboyearsagoandnowsheinShanghai(liveslived)SheofteninthelibrarybeforegraduationNow,sheofteninthebookstore(readsread)isgetslivedreadwasgotlivesreads*CompletethefollowingsentenceswiththecorrecttenseoftheverbsinbracketsGrammarExercisesDannyusually(play)computergamesintheafternoon,buthe(watch)afootballmatchonTVyesterdayafternoonHe(major)inLawatcollegeandnow(be)alawyerHerteacher(tell)herthatlight(travel)fasterthansoundI(hope)youcouldgivemesomeadviceplaysmajoredtoldhopedwatchedistravelsTheshop(open)at:amopens*NotesExercisesWritingAdditionalexamples*NotesWritingTopicsentences主题句是某一段落主旨大意的概括它能引导读者的思路使段落的中心思想一目了然。大多数的主题句出现在段落的开头开宗明义有些主题句出现在段尾概括全段有时主题句也出现在段中。还有些段落没有明显的主题句需要读者自己来概括总结。*Sample此段的主题句位于段首开门见山地指出衣服的颜色和个人心情关系密切。接下来的几句话围绕该主题具体地说明了不同的颜色可能代表什么心情。WritingTopicsentencesColorsofclothingareoftencloselyrelatedtoyourmoodRedmakesyoufeelactiveandaliveBlue,ontheotherhand,canbecalmingoritcanbedepressingIfyouwearyellow,youwillprobablyfeelhappyBlackcanlookwonderfulandcool,oritcanlookplain,dependingonhowyouaccentit*WritingTopicsentencesSample此段的前两句指出加州人和新英格兰人的相似之处接下来的第三句是主题句同时也是过渡句说明他们在生活方式上有诸多不同。CaliforniansandNewEnglandersarebothAmericansTheyspeakthesamelanguageandobeythesamefederal(联邦的)lawsButtheyareverydifferentintheirwayoflifeMobility(流动性)hasmadeagreatimpressiononthecultureofCalifornianslackofmobilityisamarkofthecustomsandmoralityofNewEnglanders*WritingTopicsentencesSample此段的前三句先具体说明英语在航空、书信、广播等方面的广泛使用最后一句概括说明英语是一种最常用的国际化语言为结论性主题句。EnglishisspokenbypilotsandairportcontroloperatorsoftheworldOverpercentoftheworld’smailiswritteninEnglishMorethanpercentoftheworld’sradioprogramsareinEnglishClearlyEnglishisamostlyusedinternationallanguage*WritingExercisesChooseapropertopicsentenceforeachofthefollowingparagraphsIstartthedaybyenjoyingarefreshingswimThenIwalkalongthebeachandcollectshellsLateryou’llfindmerelaxinginthewarmsunshineandmakingsandcastlesThenIsleepforawhilebeforeIopenthebasketoffoodanddrinksthatIalwaystakewithmeAThisishowIspendadayonvacationBIwenttotheseasideeveryyearCIgetrelaxedonvacation?WritingExercisesJustasIsettledowntoreadorwatchTV,hedemandsthatIplaywithhimIfIgetatelephonecall,hescreamsinthebackgroundorknockssomethingoverIalwayshavetohanguptofindoutwhat’swrongwithhimHerefusestoletmeeatasnackinpeaceUsuallyhewantshalfofwhateverIeatThen,whenhefinallyfeelstired,ittakeshimaboutanhourtofallasleepABabysittingmylittlebrotherisnofunBIcouldnotfindanytimeandpeacetodowhatIlikeCIhatebabysittingandpromisemyselfnevertodoitagain?WritingExercisesHowmuchdoyourememberofwhatyouhavelearnedoverthepastacademicyearHowmanyofyourhighschoolclassmatescouldyoucallbynamerightnowHowmanytimesaweekdoyouforgetappointmentsandotherdetailsofeverydaylifeTakeiteasy,AyoushouldseekconsultationfromdoctorsByouneednotworryaboutthisallthetimeCweallforgetallkindsofthingsallthetime?WritingAdditionalexamples主题句置于段落开头:该段的主题句在开头就清楚表明海边晚会完全是场“灾难”。下文围绕这一主题展开了具体介绍:冰箱坏了冰块融化了他们不能喝冰冻可乐土豆沙拉大部分坏掉了一些孩子还把沙子踢到了炸鸡上Bob带了球拍却没带球。ThebeachpartywasatotaldisasterThecoolerleakedandalltheicemelted,sowedrankwarmCokeAlso,mostofthepotatosaladwasspoiledSomekidschargedacrosstheblanketandkickedsandontothefriedchickenBobboughttworacketsbutforgottheshuttleWritingAdditionalexamples主题句置于段落中间:该段开始介绍了什么是身体语言及理解身体语言的重要性后面用了一个手势语的例子阐释了不同国家文化背景下的人们对这同一个手势的不同理解。段落的主题句在中间提出。Bodylanguageiscommunicationbyfacialexpressions,headoreyemovements,handsignals,andbodyposturesMisunderstandingsoftenamusingbutsometimesseriouscanarisebetweenpeoplefromdifferentculturesiftheydon’tunderstandnonverbalsignalsTake,forexample,thedifferencesinmeaningofagestureverycommonintheUnitedStates:acirclemadewiththethumbandindexfingerToanAmerican,itmeansthateverythingisOKToaJapanese,itmeansthatyouaretalkingaboutmoneyInGreece,itisanobscenegestureTherefore,anAmericancouldunknowinglyoffendaGreekbyusingaparticularhandsignalWritingAdditionalexamples主题句置于段落结尾:该段列举了形形色色的话语形式最后加以总结概括:话语充斥着我们的生活。Wenowhave,asaresultofmodernmeansofcommunication,hundredsofthousandsofwordsflungatusdailyWeareconstantlybeingtalkedat,byteachers,preachers,andsalesmenThecriesofadvertiserspursueusintoourveryhomes,thankstotheradioandinsomehousestheradioisneverturnedofffrommorningtonightWegooutandgetmorewordsatbookstoresandlibrariesWordsfillourlivesWritingAdditionalexamples段落中没有主题句:这个段落没有明确的主题句但很容易看出整段是在描述一间屋子。TheroomislocatedonthefifthfloorofthehighbuildingOnethirdofitstotalfloorspaceistakenupbyadoublebedFacingit,inthecornerbehindthedoor,standsacupboardloadedwithpots,bowls,dishes,bottles,andbagsofriceandflourAdeskcompletelyfillsthegapbetweenthebedandthewallwiththewindowBehindthedeskisachair,theonlyoneintheroomanditalmosttouchestheboxesandtrunkspiledagainstthewallontheoppositesideAttitudestoworkQuestionsCultureexpress*Americanpeople:WorkiscentralformanyAmericansindefiningtheirsenseofidentityandselfworthEventhosewhocanaffordnottoworkchoosetoworkTomany,workisanendinitself:Thesenseofaccomplishmentisasmuchofarewardasthepaycheck(工资)orpension(退休金)planCultureexpressAttitudestowork*CultureexpressAttitudestoworkJapanesepeople:JapanesesocietyvalueshardworkItisbelievedinJapanthatnotimeshouldbewastedduringworkhoursMoreover,unpaidovertimeisverycommoninJapanItisthoughtthatthehighlevelofstressandsomuchovertimecauses“karoshi”aJapanesewordmeaning“deathbyoverwork”*CultureexpressAttitudestoworkFrenchpeople:Frenchsocietyrespectshardwork,butnotoverwork“Workhardbutenjoylife”istheruletofollowTheFrenchworkhoursaweekandenjoyasanofficialrightalongholidayoffiveweeksayearTheyalsohavemorenationalholidaysthanpeopleintheUnitedStatesortheUnitedKingdomdo*WhatdoyouthinkoftheattitudestoworkintheUSA,Japan,andFranceWorkingroupstodiscussthefollowingquestionsCultureexpressExercisesWhatkindofjobwouldyouliketohaveaftergraduation:astressful,highincomejob,oraneasier,modestincomeone,ajobthatyoudonotlikebutcomeswithahighincome,orajobthatyoulikebutisnotwellpaidWhy*点击左上角的“Unit”的左半部和右半部可以前后翻页。点击“?”按钮可以打开更多的“tips”。展示答案请点击右下角的“钥匙”按钮点击“扫把”按钮可以清空答案。**点击右下角的“ABC”按钮可以查看录音原文。******************************按图标S只显示需讲解的句子超链接按图标W只显示需讲解的词汇和短语超链接按扫帚图标清除所有超链接标记。按上箭头回到上一层。********************************************************************************************************************************



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